Farm Set up and Soil Conservation

Quick Update

So we are still working on the farm and right now just trying to keep a float, literally as the rain comes down.  With my foot still healing most of the work on the farm has to be done by my husband.  He is fabulous and works really hard, but it does not allow us much time to start new projects.  At the new farm so far, we have the chickens in a new chicken coop and yard. The inside of the coop needs to be remodeled, but it is functional and for the most part dry.  The goats are in a structure made from a recycled dog run roof, pallets and weed cloth.  They are also for the most part dry.  The pigs are in a moveable run in that we are moving around our field, until we get permanent fencing up.  The ducks are happy in the rain, the rabbits are dry in their barn and the tilapia are warm in the basement for the winter.

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Soil Conservation

Now that you are caught up with general goings on, let me talk about Soil Conservation.  Soil Conservation is a government company that can help a farmer establish and improve pasture rotation practices to improve soil quality.  Pasture rotation is when the livestock are moved to different fields on a rotational basis.  This allows one field time to recover while the animals are grazing on another field.  The pasture sizes depend on the type of animal you are raising and the number of head.  For example, we are raising a small amount of animals, at most 10 pigs or chickens, our pasture fields will be broken up into small fields 1/2 acre in size.  These fields all need a structure and water for the animals.  Soil Conservation can help new farms create a pasture rotation plan as well as apply for a grant to be able to help with some of the cost.

Phone pictures end of may 2015 282

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We are just beginning that process with them. Below is a check list of what you need to get started.

  • Own the land you want to farm.
  • LLC or Sole Proprietorship
  • Employee Tax Identification Number (EIN)- This number can be obtained through the  IRS.
  • DUNS number- http://fedgov.dnb.com/webform
  • Contact your local Soil Conservation Office- Search Soil Conservation and your state name.

The Soil Conservation office will send you an application as well as set up a time to come out and look at your property.  So far everyone I have dealt with has been very nice and they will be visiting the property next week.  I will keep you posted on what happens.  We are hoping to get fencing, water, and structures put up within the next year.  Who knows what God has in the plan for our little farm.

In the mean time, I am resting inside trying to get as much of the administrative stuff taken care of on the farm.  I hope this was helpful.

 

Still Learning

I wanted to set the record straight, right here and right now.  I know nothing about Homesteading! My husband and I have a dream.  We want to be food indepenant.  We want to live simplier lives and be good stewards of the gifts that we have been given.  This dream has grown and changed over the years leading us to where we are now, a small homestead.  Our dream has been fueled by fellow bloggers, Mother Earth News, YouTube, food sensitivities and a general love for dirt among other things. After growing food, composting, raising chickens, rabbits and fish for the past 3-5 years, I think it is still safe to say we have no idea what we are doing. 
I watched a documentory about Market Gardening and the woman said “how do you become an expert at something you only every do, maybe 50 times”.  That really resinated with me. Think about it, we are in our 30’s right now, if I grow potatoes for the next 50 years I will have only grown potatoes 50 times.  It is said that it takes doing something 30 times for it to become a habit.  How many times do you have to do something to become an expert? I am certain that I will never stop learning and I will never be an expert.
Now that we own our dream homestead, everything we are doing is new.  Even silly things like planting in the ground… I have never done that.  The only successfull gardening I have ever done has been in raised beds.  I do not know how to plant seeds in the ground!  This year is a perfect example of that inexperience.  All of our plants died.  I did not know to ask the previous farmer how much fertilizer he put on the field this Spring.  Who would know to ask that, it was just field grass. Well, weeks before we took over the property, he put the strongest fertilizer you can buy on the land and killed all my seedlings.  I just thought, “wow, you are really bad at this planting in the ground stuff”.

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Currently, we have 46 chickens and 7 ducks.  I have never owned this many chickens.  I honestly have no idea what I am doing.  We have read all the books, gone to workshops, researched online, but when it comes down to it, we have never done this before.  At this point I am just praying we do not get the bird flu and lose all our birds.
Within 3 weeks of closing on the farm, I decided it was the perfect time to get baby goats.  We have never owned baby goats, we had no structure to keep them in and no fences, we obviously needed goats.  I know nothing about goats, this is a fly by the seat of your pants, learn as you go operation.  With a lot of hard work from my husband, I can now say the goats have a great run in building and a fenced in yard. Currently are doing very well, but I have no idea what winter will bring.
Before closing on the farm, I contacted a pig breeder, because what you really need when you move to a farm with no buildings and no fences and no idea what you are doing, is pigs.  The pigs arrived a month after the goats and here it is 1120 at night and I am up researching how to raise pigs.  They are currently 5 months old, some people would have tried to figure things old before they bought them, but I am a fly by the seat of your pants kind of girl.

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So consider this your warning.  If you are coming here for experience and absolute education, this is not the site for you.  If you would like to come along side my family as we learn, please take my hand and we can jump in together. 

Rabbits Final Post in Series

Ok, despite the curve balls life has thrown me, I will finish this series on rabbits!

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I have talked about how to choose a rabbit and how to bring it home now we need to talk about what to do with it once you get it!

Depending on the purpose of your rabbit, this might be where you can stop in this series.  If you are bringing your rabbit home as a pet, enjoy your new family member! 

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If you are starting a rabbitry to breed and sell rabbits or to consume rabbits, your journey will continue on. I have found the sale of rabbits to be hot and cold.  There are times when I can not breed the rabbits fast enough.  There are other times when I have 18-20 growouts and no idea what am I going to do with them all. 

Those of you that are interested in raising them for meat.  That will not be a problem for you.  You can start breeding your rabbits around 6 months of age, depending on the bred.  The smaller breeds need to wait longer before they are bred for the first time.  The gestation period for a rabbit is anywhere from 28-31 days.   Litter sizes also depends on the bred and the breeding practice.  We can talk about the details of breeding in another post.  Going back to meat, you can usually process your rabbits for freezer camp around 4 months depending on the bred and the size you are going for.

Like I mentioned earlier, I do not raise or rabbits for meat. For this reason, I only breed our animals once or twice a year.  I am interested in the preservation of the breed and in the manure benefits. To find customers, our rabbitry is registered with ARBA and a couple other rabbit breeder websites.  Occasionally, when I have rabbits for sale, I will list them on Facebook or Craigslist, but for the most part, the people that I sell to find me because they are specifically looking for American Chinchillas.

Other profitable rabbitries sell to dog food companies, butcher shops, 4H clubs, and pet stores for snake food.  There are many different avenues if you are interested in selling rabbits.  To be totally honest with you, I do not make much money selling our rabbits, I make enough to help pay for their food costs and my rabbits give me amazing fertilizer. 

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Love your rabbits and enjoy them.  I am amazed everyday by what wonderful creatures they are.  I personally think rabbit are a great addition to any homestead. I hope you found this series informative, if there is any questions that I did not answer please let me know, I am happy to share what little I know.

Raising Rabbits 2/3 in series

In the first post of this series I talked about what questions you need to answer before you get rabbits.  If you are still reading, I am assuming that you have decided that rabbits are still a good fit for your family.  I can’t blame you, I think that they are fabulous. 

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In this post I am going to talk about how you choose the right rabbit and bringing it home. 

One of the questions that you answered in the first post is why you want rabbits.  If you are looking to homestead, like I do, than you are interested in a rabbit that is breed for meat and possibly for fur.  There are many meat rabbits out there that can supply your family with a steady supply of food.  The breed that I choose was American Chinchilla.  The reason that I choose that breed was that I wanted something that was a heritage breed.  The heritage breed animals seem to be a much better fit for a homesteader.  They produce a good size roaster and are a very good with kids.  Those are two very important things to me.  A breeding trio will provide you with a constant supply of meat.  A trio is made up of two doe rabbits and 1 buck. You want the two does to be two generations removed from the buck or unrelated to the buck.

If you are interested in rabbits because you would like a pet, there are a lot of smaller rabbits out there that are not as large as the American Chinchilla.  I have found that some of the smaller breeds can be a little grumpy.  If you are looking for a pet, please make sure that you have the time to socialize it, so that you have an animal that can be handled. Lastly,  I would not be an animal lover if I did not plug the local animal shelter.  If you just want a pet and compost, this might be a great place to look. 

Another reason to have rabbits is for fiber.  Do not tell my husband, but this is my next adventure.  I love the angora rabbits.  They provide you with fiber a couple of times when you shave them.  I love that this is a renewable resource, unlike the rabbit fur, which is a one time use only.

No matter what your reason for getting a rabbit, this is a great place to research some great breeds of rabbits.
http://www.livestockconservancy.org/

Once you decide what breed you want, you can go to the American Rabbit Breeders Association Site to find lists of breeders by state.  While you are on the ARBA site, if you are interested in showing rabbits in 4-H or another organization, please get the show standards book.  This makes you an educated consumer.  I, for example, do not show my rabbits.  When I sell a rabbit, I know that it is pure bred American Chinchilla, it has a good attitude and then I focus on breeding ability and health.  I know nothing about showing.  My rabbits are easy to handle, clean, in good health and come with papers, I depend on the buyer to know which rabbits are good show rabbits. 

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Look over your rabbit when you buy it, you want it to have a clean bottom, clipped claws, clean ears, nice teeth, and bright eyes.  Feel the rabbit over, make sure you do not feel any bumps or scabs.  I actually was selling a rabbit, and even though I interact with my rabbits often, I did not notice a bump her side.  The seller helped me find this abscess before it got worse and I was able to get the rabbit to the vet.  This was a rabbit had gotten out of her cage and apparently been bit by a tick.  The bite got infected.  I was able to get her treated and now she is a healthy rabbit.  You want to find a breeder that cares about their rabbits. 

BRINGING THEM HOME
Before you bring them home make sure you have your water  bottles, feeders, hay, cages, and rabbit feed.  You might even want to talk to the breeder about rabbit feed.  If you have more than one feed available to you, the breeder might be able to point you to one they found worked better than another.  We prefer Blue Seal Show Hutch Deluxe.  My rabbits love it and I recommend it to all my buyers.  Before you leave the breeder make sure they give you a small bag of whatever they are feeding so that you can slowly transition the rabbit to their new food.

Actually bringing them, a cat carrier is a great way to transport your rabbits.  Another great way to transport is rubbermaid totes with holes drilled in them.  We did a mix of the two.  You can transport the does together in one carrier, however, you need to make sure each buck has their own carrier. They will fit if you put them in the same box. 

Just like with bringing the rabbits home, once they get home you have to make sure that they bucks have their own cages.  The does can share a cage while they are young, but once they reach breeding age it is important that everyone have their own cage. 
 
After your rabbits are home, make sure they have water, but I have learned to with hold food for a few hours.  Let the rabbit get settled from the car ride before you offer them food. 

Now that you have your rabbits, the next post will be some basic management and lessons that I have learned. 
Always end with cuteness!

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Raising Rabbits Part 1/3

This is a three part series on raising rabbits.  Hopefully we will have the whole series published by the end of the week. This first series is about where to start..

When deciding if raising rabbits is right for you, it is important to answer a couple questions first.
Why do I want to raise rabbits?
How much space do I need / have?
What am I going to do with the babies?
Do I have time?

There are many reasons to want to raise rabbits.  On a homestead they are very valuable.  Some people raise rabbits for meat, some raise for show, some raise for manure and some raise them as a pet. 
We originally started raising rabbits for meat.  We had tasted rabbit meat and liked it.  We wanted to become protein independent, rabbits are a great way to do that in a urban setting.  When it came time for us to cook our first rabbit, I got a horrible migraine.  I occasionally suffer from migraines so I did not think anything about it.  The second time, I suffered from another migraine.  The third time I was not home when the meat was cooked.  I enjoyed it for dinner and did not have a problem.  I attempted to cook it myself again and was sick again. When I did some research I found out that some woman get migraines from rabbit meat.  It has something to do with hormone levels.   We have since decided that rabbit meat is not for us.   Even though we do not raise our rabbits for meat, they are invaluable to us because of the compost they produce.  The soil is rich, and my tomato plants grown in rabbit manure were 10 feet tall.  You need to ask yourself, Why do I want rabbits?

Depending on why you want rabbits you need to consider the space that you have.  A rabbit needs a cage that is 3 foot by 4 foot.  This is a minimum  in my mind.  We are also looking for ways to get our rabbits more space.  Also, when rabbits have babies you have to have a place to put them.  Males and females need to be in different cages.  We have two grow out hutches and runs. Below is a picture of one of our runs.  We do not keep them in the run at night and we do not keep them in the run in the winter.  This is a summer exercise area for us.   

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There are many ways to build your rabbitry.  It is important to make sure that the rabbits have shade, enough space and protection from the elements and predators.  We have built our cages inside a 10×8 shed.  There are 4 female cages on one side of the shed and 4 male cages on the other. 

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Under the cages we have ramps with linoleum flooring so that it is easier to keep clean. 

Next, you have to know what you are going to do with the babies.  If you are raising rabbits for meat then you know the answer to this question.  If you are raising them for show or as a pet, the answer is not as clear.  We are not raising our rabbits for meat so we only breed them twice a year, based on demand.  We sell our babies to other people that are interested in homesteading, 4H or just want a pet.  We only breed for what we have found out we can sell.  The breed that we raise, American Chinchillas, are an amazing bred.  We have taken time to get a great blood line, and we want to be a part of the come back of this breed.  If you only want a pet and you do not want babies, take the rabbit to vet and get it fixed.  It is important to understand the purpose of your rabbits.

Lastly, you need to evaluate if you have time for rabbits.  The way we have our rabbits set up, we have about 1/2 an hour worth of rabbit chores a day.  Every two weeks or so we spend a couple hours with our rabbits.  We take them out, do health checks, clip toe nails, brush, and give the cages a good cleaning.  Make sure you have enough time to give the animal the care that it needs. 

In addition, we are going to add the cost of rabbits.  You can build rabbit cages out of scrap and spend next to nothing on them.  We put ours in a shed, so we had to buy the shed, buy the wire and build the ramps. That was our choice, rabbits do not need to be in a shed.  On average a 50 pound bag of feed cost $20.  Once a rabbit is 6 months old it should only get about a cup of feed a day.  We supplement with hay, which we get for $3 a bale.  We have had to take the rabbits to the vet twice.  It was under $100 each time.  Other costs to research is a tattoo kit, water bowls, feeders, nesting boxes, clippers, traveling cages, show stand, ARBA membership, and bedding if you use it.  Our rabbits are also litter trained, because we want to get as much of that compost as we can, so we buy bedding for the litter boxes.  Brain storm the type of rabbit set up you want and figure out the cost of your rabbits before you get started.  

We love raising our rabbits, we have found that it is worth it for us.  If you need more information on raising rabbits we encourage you to read Storey’s Guide to Raising Rabbits.

The next post in this series will be which animal to choose and how many!

Farming from the Couch

Last year I fell and broke my foot.  I than re-injured it in the winter when I slipped on ice.  I was really hoping that it would heal. I was a good girl and used ice at the end of the day and took anti-inflammatory medications.  In the end of a 5 month attempt to heal, the doctor told me reconstruction surgery was the only way I could get better.  He even told me that if I had another serious sprain, I would be facing an ankle fusion.  All that being said, I had my surgery a week ago.  It will be 3 months before I can walk or drive and possibly longer.  Most people are able to walk on their own without crutches at 6 months.  I have a long road ahead of me.

Just because I am down and out does not mean that the farm stops.  We have 3 goats, 2 pigs, 50 chickens, 7 rabbits, 50 tilapia, 7 ducks, 3 cats and 3 dogs that do not care if I can walk or not.  This kids are a major help, the community is pitching in and my husband is a saint.  

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My job on the farm has drastically changed.  I am researching grants to help our farm grow, I am planning our garden layout for next year, I am going to blog more about food, crafts and the farm, and I am organizing help for the farm when needed.

I would be lying if I told you that I was happy not being so hands on.  I love to work on the farm.  I love having dirt under my nails.  However, I am going to focus on organization, my second love.  I am also focusing on our Home Made Christmas projects.  Thank you for hanging with us as we continue our farming journey.  We are trying to stay positive and look at this time as a blessing for us to get organized. 

Catching Up

I am going to try and be a brief as possible but we all know I can be long winded.  This week we have had a goat with bot fly, we had a chicken get eaten by a fox, 25 new chicks and 5 new ducklings came in the mail, we are addressing some garden issues, and lastly we are harvesting from the garden.  It has been a very busy week. 

Hiccup the goat had a scab on his back, I am a picker so naturally I picked at it to see what it was.  I am very glad that I did, because when I squeezed the scab a small worm came out along with some puss and blood.  I contacted the vet and set pictures.  The vet sent me to Tractor Supply for an Antibiotic.  I cleaned the wound really well.  Some air did get in under the skin, so it sounded like crackling when you pushed on the skin surrounding the wound, but that only lasted about a day.  It has been two days and I am happy to announce that Hiccup seems to be doing great.  Below is a very bad picture, but this is the worm and stuff I was able to get out of the goat’s back. I crushed the worm before I took the picture, I`m sorry. 

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The new chicks and ducklings are so cute and we are enjoying them like always.  With the egg shortage that is coming, I wanted to make sure that we had enough eggs to supply our family.  My husband and I also decided now that we are on the farm, we want to have a self sustaining breeding flock.  I did some research and I came across Delaware Chickens.  They are a heavy egg laying breed that has a good size for meat as well.  We ordered those, as well as, a random assortment of heavy brown egg layers.  We like them better than the Americanas.  The ducklings are for bug control.  I will keep you up to date on the breeding program. 

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Cucumbers, cucumbers and more cucumbers.  We got the garden in the ground late so all we are getting at this point are cucumbers.  We weeds are so high someone asked me if we planted corn!  I am working every morning, pulling weeds, tying up tomato plants and laying down newspaper, cardboard boxes and feed bags for weed barrier.  I am determined to get these weeds under control.  Wish me luck. 

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This is the after picture of the plants tied up and weeded.

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This is the before picture of the tomato plants!